Dyslexia: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The inability in certain children to learn and read in a classroom situation is constituted as the learning disability called dyslexia. Because of this condition, a person may find it extremely difficult to speak, write, read, analyze, and spell and this can persist through life. The form can be mild or extremely severe and must be treated as soon as it is discovered.

Cause and Tonality

The illness is caused by a brain impairment that inhibits the individual from perceiving and translating images or anything from the ears or the eyes to an understandable language. One cannot presume that the child is not intelligent, mentally retarded or has brain damage. Since this illness is hardly ever detected at birth, children go to school and find themselves confused even in basic studies. This leads to depression, low self-esteem and a lack of will or motivation to go to school because they do not feel they ‘belong’.

Symptoms and Forms

There are various forms – trauma, primary, developmental or secondary, and visual. Not every teacher is equipped to determine if the child has the illness – this must be diagnosed by a health care professional or psychologist. The general tonality that is noticeable is when letters and numbers reverse, which is common at the age of 7-10 and can diminish with the right strategies. Copying information from the board or a book that may seem easy is extremely difficult for a dyslexic. There may be difficulty while participating in organized sports where the child might have a problem discerning left from right. Music and dance can enhance academic learning but the student may not be able to recall the words of the song or the tune of the music.

Diagnosis and Treatment

If a teacher or parent suspects a learning disorder, it is important to evaluate the problem. This form of testing can be quite traumatic for a child with the condition and therefore it is important to ensure that different strategies are adopted. Once it has been established that the child has the disorder, the next method is to figure out a treatment plan. If the people around have a positive attitude that does not harm the child, he or she will be able to get on better with his or her academic studies. Since the demands can get rather difficult, it is important to provide frequent breaks along with positive reinforcement. The educational department has to figure out a method that works well with the child to enable the learning curve to improve instead of failing.
The child should be much encouraged with new and intelligent approaches. It can get difficult, and therefore it is important to ensure that every educational institution has a set of teachers who understands that every child is different and provides time and effort in helping such children realize their potential. Parents should also never play favorites with their children and in fact spend an equal amount of time with the dyslexic child as well as the others so that both feel comfortable and not ‘specimens’ for a test!

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